Two Civil War battles were fought at Newtonia, including one of the few with Indian fighters on both sides.


The grounds are open daily, from sunrise to sunset. The Ritchey Mansion is open by appointment only.

Admission is free.

Contact Information

520 Mill Street
Ritchey Mansion
Newtonia, MO 64866
Phone: 417-437-5974

Location Type

Interpretive Signs
Walking Tours

Site Info

Wheel Chair Accessible

Though this site is outside of the borders of Freedom's Frontier National Heritage Area, its stories connect with heritage area themes and stories.

Two major Civil War battles were fought at Newtonia: one on September 30, 1862, and the other on October 28, 1864. The first battle pitted Brig. Gen. James Blunt against Col. J.O. Shelby. Confederate forces numbered 4,000; Union forces numbered about 6,500. The 1862 battle was one of the very few Civil War encounters in which Native Americans fought on both sides. Southern forces had Choctaw, Cherokee, and Chickasaw soldiers, while other Cherokee soldiers fought with the North. The 1864 battle was a delaying action by Shelby to protect Gen. Sterling Price's retreat to Arkansas. It was the last battle of the Civil War fought in Missouri. The site includes 20 acres of the battlefield and the Ritchey Mansion, which served as headquarters for both Union and Confederate troops at different points.

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